Accidental or sports injury, prolonged stress from overuse, and osteoporosis are the most common causes of orthopaedic fractures.  If you experience symptoms associated with a fracture, it is important to seek emergency medical treatment.  WRMC Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Clinic Surgeons provide orthopaedic trauma care at White River Medical Center’s Emergency Department. If you experience a medical emergency call 911. 


  • Deformity – the limb is out of normal alignment
  • Inability to bear weight
  • Severe bruising and swelling
  • Sudden severe pain with numbness or tingling

X-rays or CT scans are usually used to confirm diagnosis and show the type and exact location of a fracture. Casts and splints may be used to treat simple or stress fractures.  Complex fractures may require surgery to reposition the broken bone for proper healing and may require plates and screws to stabilize the bone during healing.

Types of Fractures

The following general terms are used to describe most fractures.

  • Complete – The bone is broken into two distinct pieces
  • Incomplete or Partial – A crack in the bone
  • Compound or Open Fracture – Bone fragments break through the skin
  • Simple or Closed Fracture – Bone fragments do not break through the skin
  • Stress Fractures – Hairline cracks in a bone caused by overuse




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