When dyed it may be called bunting and could be used for flags or banners. P.S. However, it can be cheaper and infinitely more fun to create your own. Barkcloth is a term that also refers to a fabric, often cotton or rayon, with a somewhat crepe-like feel that is designed to resemble true barkcloth. End-uses include dresses and suits. Barathea is mainly used for dresses, neckties, trimmings and suits. The best is the undergrowth. The ribbed effect is created by weaving a finer silk or manufactured warp yarn with a heavier filler yarn, usually made of cotton, wool, or waste yarn. Lotus Flower Fabric – The stems of this famous plant contain a fiber that is used to create a textile. This fabric is used extensively for draperies, slipcovers, and other home furnishings. China Twill – A lightweight cotton twill fabric. Chenille -. The net is made by knotting the intersections of thread or cord to form the mesh. Trigger® – A durable heavy poplin made of blend of polyester and cotton. The type of seaweed used, known as brown algae, is certified organic. Fleece fabrics are available in a variety of constuctions: Polarfleece® is the original fleece fabric, developed in 1979, by Malden Mills. It has high water and wind resistant properties, high abrasion and is tear resistant. Heather – A yarn that is spun using pre-dyed fibers. (read more about soysilk, or sourcing soy fabric). The fabric has a hard, smooth surface. Four-Ply Crepe – Four ply crepe is a heavier version of regular crepe made with four ply yarn. It doesn’t cost that much extra to make cotton yarn into denim, which puts denim fabric in the middle range of fabric pricing. Read on to learn all about fabric patterns for … In fact, "beautiful" is possibly the most widely used adjective for women in all of the world's literature, which is quite in line with the general unidimensional representation of women in many other media forms. Heavy, warm, strong and absorbent. Sugar Nylon – Created by scientists in Singapore, this eco-friendly fabric is an alternative to Nylon. In addition to being warm, Berber fleece is also designed to wick moisture away from the surface of the wearer. There are various weights of China silk from light, used for linings and many “washable silks” with the wrinkled look, to heavy for shirts and dresses. Tartan – A pattern made of intersecting stripes. It usually has a very low yarn count. Ottoman – A tightly woven plain weave ribbed fabric with a hard slightly lustered surface. It is a good cloth in tailoring as it drapes and clings very well. Plissé – A lightweight, plain weave, fabric, made from cotton, rayon, or acetate, and characterized by a puckered striped effect, usually in the warp direction. The soft, sueded finish results from sanding or chemical treatment of the fabric. Wild silkworms eat leaves other than mulberry leaves which cultivated silkworms eat exclusively. While many performance fabrics use added substances such as polymer crystal treatments to aid in their cooling properties, Coolcore is completely chemical-free. Buckram – Mainly cotton and sometimes synthetic. End-uses include shirts and pajamas. The fabric has a very soft hand, brushed on both sides to lift the fiber ends out of the base fabric and create a soft, fuzzy surface. Velveteen – A cotton cut-pile weave fabric, utilizing extra fill yarn construction, with either a twill or a plain weave back. For example, the word "blue" can be an noun and an adjective. Sheer – The opposite of opaque. Here's the list of words that can be used to describe another word: As you've probably noticed, adjectives for "term" are listed above. Performance – Fabrics made for a variety of end-use applications, which provide functional qualities, such as moisture management, UV protection, anti-microbial, thermo-regulation, and wind/water resistance. The woven patterns in each layer of fabric can be similar or completely different. When ticking is used in clothing, striped ticking with narrow woven stripes is usually most popular. Now, resins from plastics are used instead of oil. Donegal Tweed – A medium to heavy, plain or twill weave fabric in which colorful yarn slubs are woven into the fabric. Desizing Desizing process involves removing the sizing (added to the yarn) by washing the fabric with diluted acid or by enzyme treatment. Challis is most often seen in fabrics made of cotton, wool, or rayon. Poplin – A fabric made using a rib variation of the plain weave. Fabric with Dobby weave: Moss crepe. Silk Noil (sometimes incorrectly called raw silk) has a nubby feel and a low sheen. Learn the vocabulary and sentence structure to describe clothes in Spanish. The algorithm isn't perfect, but it does a pretty good job for most common nouns. Used in Interlinings, sleeping garments, linings, coverings, work gloves. You can hover over an item for a second and the frequency score should pop up. bottomweight sportswear). Other fabrics like rayons or silks are calendered with wax or other compounds. Several types of glazes are used in the finishing process. (read more about Xorel). Crash – Typically made of Linen. Gabardine – A tightly woven, twilled, worsted fabric with a slight diagonal line on the right side. Broadcloth – A plain weave tightly woven fabric, characterized by a slight ridge effect in one direction, usually the filling. End-uses include curtains, apparel, trimmings, and surgical dressings. Has a very clear finish. It is the same on both sides. :). Thermal – An adjective used to describe fabrics which are warmer for their weight than other fabrics. Terry Velour – A pile weave cotton fabric with an uncut pile on one side and a cut pile on the reverse side. Eyelash – Term used to describe clipped yarns that lie on the surface of a fabric, giving the effect of eyelashes. See Twill. The fabric is usually brushed only on one side, and is lighter weight than flannel. End-uses include blouses, dresses, and curtains/draperies. The yarn is strong, irregular in diameter but smooth. The fabric is then over-printed with a simulated embroidery stitch to create the eyelet effect. Ikats have been woven in cultures all over the world. Ultrasuede feels like natural suede, but it is resistant to stains and discoloration; it can be machine-washed; and because it is a non-woven fabric, it cannot pull or fray. Knitted versions are double-knit fabric constructions, created on multi-feed circular knitting machines. The feel of peachskin is soft, smooth and moderately wrinkle-resistant. Charmeuse is often used for blouses and intimate apparel. Although crepe is traditionally woven, crepe yarns are now used to produce knit crepes. Corduroy – A fabric with a pile that is usually in rows that are parallel to the selvedge. Very much like cavalry twill, but finer. Boiled Wool – This is a felted knitted wool that it offers the flexibility of a knit with great warmth. 1. Common end-uses include dresses, aprons, and quilts. (read more about Chromosonic Fabric). Also called baby cord. The word mousseline is often used today for a fabric resembling de soie. Shetland wools have a very soft hand and a shaggy finish of protruding fibers. A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z, Adire – A cotton fabric that has been resist-dyed using indigo. The fabric is often used in napkins, tablecloths, draperies, and upholstery. Sharkskin – A hard-finished, low lustered, medium-weight fabric in a twill-weave construction. Basket Weave – A variation of the plain weave construction, formed by treating two or more warp yarns and/or two or more filling yarns as one unit in the weaving process. Slinky – A knit fabric. The raw materials that make up fabric can be divided into three distinct categories: those derived from natural plant sources, those from animals and those that are man-made. Thus, fabrics of almost any type or complexity can be made. Monk’s Cloth – A heavy weight cotton fabric utilizing the basket weave variation of the plain weave. A Double Ikat is when both the warp and the weft are tie-dyed before weaving. Determining fabric hand is a combination of physical, physiological, and psychological factors. Fishnet – Fishnet is an open, diamond shaped knit fabric. Any material used is sustainable to keep the textile’s carbon footprint low. These fibers are blended together to give a particular look. Though lightweight, it is an extremely strong fabric. It is a lightweight fabric that easily allows the body to receive ventilation during workouts, playing sports and engaging in just about any outside activity. Gabardine is an example of a worsted fabric. This knitted fabric is used for complete garments and for such specialized uses as sleeve bands, neck bands, sweater waistbands, and special types of trims for use with other knit or woven fabrics. Fabrics made of thermoplastic fibers like nylon or polyester are cired by calendering with heat and pressure alone. It takes dye well with very good results. Bull Denim is durable and heavier than regular denim. Descriptive analysis is one of the methods used in the food industry to describe the perception of products when being eaten. Pile yarns may be cut or uncut in the fabric. You can sort the descriptive words by uniqueness or commonness using the button above. 4 ply silks are most frequently used for bridal gowns, semi fitted garments, dresses and suits. Thank The textile takes on a look similar to batik or shibori fabrics. If you're getting strange results, it may be that your query isn't quite in the right format. Greige Goods – The state of a fabric as it comes from the loom or knitting machine (after it has been constructed) but before it has been colored, finished or processed. The fibers adhere only to the areas where the adhesive has been applied, and the excess fibers are removed by mechanical means. Pointelle is a drop needle knit fabric. Doeskin – Generally used to describe a type of fabric finish in which a low nap is brushed in one direction to create a soft suede-like feel on the fabric surface. It can a bonded utilizing either foam itself, or some other material, such as adhesives, heat, or chemical bonding agents. It is used in cotton diapers, pique, and wool sharkskin. Oil Cloth – Originally, textiles such as cotton were coated in oil to create resistance to moisture. Wears exceptionally well and has a smart appearance. In this video of Fibre to Fabric, we will understand the beautiful science behind the process of making Fibres and turning them into Fabrics. Used for outerwear trim and lining. A true satin weave fabric always has the warp yarns floating over filling yarns. Rozome – The Japanese version of the wax-resist process, known elsewhere as batik, the method used to paint silk for kimonos. They open to release the gel only when the fabric is touched or rubbed. Those who cannot pronounce Peau de Soie (French for ‘skin of silk’) call this Duchess Satin. Typical uses include towels, robes, and apparel. This plain fabric has an elastic quality with a slight horizontal line. Beading can be done at the time the fabric is made or can be re-embroidered after the fabric is made. Bedford Cord – A cord cotton-like fabric with raised ridges in the lengthwise direction. Thanks for checking out my Sewing Tips: How to Make & Use Piping post. The polymer is formed into Ingeo “pellets” that can be used to make a wide range of products, from electronics to apparel. Crewel – Crewel is a hand embroidery technique in which fine, loosely twisted yarn is chain stitched on cotton cloth. It can be made using either a plain weave or a satin weave construction. Unglazed chintz is called cretonne. End-uses for this fabric include blouses, dresses, baby clothes, and curtains. Osnaburg – A tough medium to heavyweight coarsely woven plain weave fabric, usually made of a cotton or cotton/poly blend. Moiré/Watermarked – A corded fabric, usually made from silk or one of the manufactured fibers, which has a distinctive water-marked wavy pattern on the face of the fabric. It is very lightweight and warm. Panné velvet has a longer or higher pile than regular velvet, but shorter than plush. Today, it is a sheer, flat crepe in silk or man-made fibers. These sheep have a coarse outer coat and a very fine undercoat which gives added warmth. Chintz – Glazed plain weave cotton fabric with a tightly spun fine warp and a coarser slack twist filling, often printed with brightly colored flowers or stripes. The term “union cloth” was used primarily when this fabric was used for underwear, perhaps because a union suit was another name for shoulder-to-ankle, one-piece underwear. This fabric is formed by using two sets of warp yarns. Slipper Satin – Slipper satin is a tightly woven satin fabric, usually lighter in weight than duchesse satin, and used for many purposes including evening shoes or slippers. Comes bleached, unbleached, dyed, and some is printed. Burn-Out – A brocade-like pattern effect created on the fabric through the application of a chemical, instead of color, during the burn-out printing process. The key to a profitable fabric design business is to keep up with the latest industry trends and continuously improve your skills. Like real silk, Soysilk is cool to the touch, has a lovely drape and is very soft. It is also used for ski slacks in a stretch fabric. Madras – A lightweight plain weave cotton fabric with a striped, plaid, or checked pattern. For formal wear, taffeta is a favorite choice. Cotton has good dimensional stability, or a resistance to stretching, which makes it a good choice for such a stressed garment. The foil is applied to the fabric using very high heat. Some flaws that I describe with a “very good used condition item” are any wash wear that has occurred. Lawn – A light, fine cloth made using carded or combed, linen or cotton yarns. It is used to make shantung and dupioni. Berber fleece is a fabric that is very lightweight, warm, and soft. Shimmer – A lightweight fabric made of two different colored yarns. Used in coats, suits, and sportswear for both men and women. GORE-TEX®– GORE-TEX fabrics are created by laminating GORE-TEX membranes to high-performance textiles, then sealing them with an innovative solution for guaranteed waterproof protection. Mousseline usually has a crisp hand. It is much stouter and more rugged than the average Crêpe. In this case, when the chemical is printed in a certain pattern, it destroys the pile in those areas where the chemical comes in contact with the fabric, but leave the ground fabric unharmed. Crushed Velvet – Any velvet with an irregular pattern of nap going in different directions. Occasionally, polyester woven fabrics are described as stretch fabrics. The pile is formed by weaving the fabric with two types of picks – binder picks that ‘hold the fabric together’, and pile picks that go over an number of warps on the face side of the fabric. End-uses include winter coats and suits. Very rugged and closely woven. Duck – A tightly woven, heavy, plain-weave, bottom-weight fabric with a hard, durable finish. Dazzle is extremely durable due to the tightly woven polyester fibers, which makes it nearly impossible to tear. In the production of seersucker, some of the warp yarns are held under controlled tension at all times during the weaving, while other warp yarns are in a relaxed state and tend to pucker when the filling yarns are placed. After weaving, the fabric is cut into strips between the yarn groups. On the face, the distinct diagonal runs from the lower left to the upper right – piece dyed. Point d’Esprit was first made in France in 1834. as a dull surfaced net with various sized holes. Different types of batting vary in size and fiber content. Twill – A basic weave in which the fabrics are constructed by interlacing warp and filling yarns in a progressive alternation which creates a diagonal effect on the face, or right side, of the fabric. Liquid Lamé – A slinky, slippery light weight metallic with the feel of silk. that is used for sails and apparel (i.e. Neoprene Fabric – A synthetic, rubbery material used in a wide variety of products from clothing to laptop cases to exercise weights. PVC pleather in contrast does not “breathe” and is difficult to clean. Most crewel designs are outlines of flowers, vines or leaves. End-uses include wall hangings and upholstery. Gingham – A medium weight, plain weave fabric with a plaid or check pattern. A specialty yarn, characterized by a pile protruding on all sides, resembling a caterpillar. Dazzle – A type of polyester fabric that is widely used in making clothes like basketball uniforms, football uniforms, rugby ball uniforms and even casual clothing because it absorbs moisture quickly. The French term for “teddy bear” is ours en peluche. Of all cotton fabrics, corduroy is the warmest because its wales form an insulated cushion of air. (read more about waxed canvas). lt is usually twill but may be sateen weave. Tricot – A warp knit fabric in which the fabric is formed by interlooping adjacent parallel yarns. Whipcord – A woven fabric with a very steep and compacted twill appearance on the face of the goods. It is sometimes confused with China silk, which is technically lighter in weight. Below is a list of describing words for another word. Quilted – A fabric construction in which a layer of down or fiberfill is placed between two layers of fabric, and then held in place by stitching or sealing in a regular, consistent, all-over pattern on the goods. End-uses include dance costumes and veils. The pattern in lace is usually open and most often floral in design. Often placed between the lining and the outer fabric, it can be made from yarns or directly from fibers, and may be either woven, non-woven, or knitted. Charmeuse – Charmeuse is an opaque, shiny fabric that is similar to satin but lighter weight. A rubber-coated fabric is probably more resistant to water than one that has been treated with a water-resistant finish. Charmeuse also has a softer hand and a clingier look. When made in cotton it is called waffle pique. Pucker – The uneven surface caused by differential shrinkage in the two layers of a bonded fabric during processing, dry cleaning, or washing. Embroidered – An embellishment of a fabric or garment in which colored threads are sewn on to the fabric to create a design. Mesh – A type of fabric characterized by its net-like open appearance, and the spaces between the yarns. Matka – a heavy weight silk made from very thick yarns. Again, the light position is relative to the position of the surface. Each tartan pattern is associated with a certain specific family called a clan. It is made by the bobbin method and has designs outlined by thick cords. Tricot knits are frequently used in women’s lingerie items such as slips, bras, panties, and nightgowns. Coutil has a high cotton content. Bonded – A fabric composed of 2 or more layers joined together with an adhesive, resin, foam, or fusible membrane. Matka is good for suits and jackets. It is ideal for anyone allergic to wool. Named from Hindu word meaning spotted. Imperfections, color variations, irregularities, natural black specks, dye marks, and dirt spots are characteristics that identify crewel as genuine. Common end-uses are upholstery, draperies, and evening dresses. Sequins are a shiny, usually metallic, decoration or spangle. The most common broadcloth is made from cotton or cotton/polyester blends. The fabric has a soft, smooth hand and a gentle, subtle luster. Common examples are tissue lamé, hologram lamé and pearl lamé. Shimmer is typically made of a rayon/polyester blend. Barathea – A closely woven fabric made of silk, rayon, cotton, or wool, having a pebbled surface. The search box should be a simple word or phrase, like "tiger" or "blue eyes". (read more about Katazome), Killer Silk – This textile is more like “protective” silk, as it is meant to defend us from harmful substances. Sailcloth – Any heavy, plain-weave canvas fabric, usually made of cotton, linen, polyester, jute, nylon, etc. 2. Felt – A non-woven fabric made from wool, hair, or fur, and sometimes in combination with certain manufactured fibers, where the fibers are locked together in a process utilizing heat, moisture, and pressure to form a compact material. (read more about Adire fabric), Aloe Vera Fabric – A fabric infused with thousands of aloe vera “capsules.” These capsules are microscopic, airtight and waterproof. It is also made waterproof and used a great deal in rain water. A setting can permeate our senses if we just let it. Wood chips are dissolved into a pulp by the fabric’s namesake ionic liquid. Velvet is a type of tufted fabric in which the cut threads are very evenly distributed, with a short dense pile, giving it its distinct feel. For objects arranged flat on a table, the light would come from overhead. Lamé is often used in evening and dress wear; and in theatrical and dance costumes. Mouseline – The name for a broad category of fabrics, usually fairly sheer and lightweight and made in a variety of fibers, including man-mades, silk, cotton, and wool. Listen to sentences about clothes including adjectives for appearance, clothing styles, size and fabric patterns. Thinsulate™ – Thinsulate™ is a trademark of the 3M Corporation, for a type of synthetic fiber thermal insulation used in clothing. It is quick-drying, highly absorbent, and actually quite strong. This is a process in which cotton fabric/woolen fabrics are prepared for dyeing – the short surface fibers are effectively removed by singeing the surface of the fabric with a gas flame. Used for interlinings and all kinds of stiffening in clothes, book binding, and for millinery (because it can be moistened and shaped). As you'd expect, you can click the "Sort By Usage Frequency" button to adjectives by their usage frequency for that noun. The fabric has a crease-resistant, crisp finish. End-uses include dresses, shirts, and curtains. Today, most double knits are made of I5O denier polyester, although many lightweight versions are now being made using finer denier yarns and blends of filament and spun yarns. Used in describing piques, corduroys or other ribbed fabrics. Jersey fabrics may be produced on either circular or flat weft knitting machines. End-On-End – A closely woven fabric with alternating fine colored yarn and a white yarn creating a mini checkered effect with a smooth texture. GORE-TEX is designed to be durably waterproof, windproof, and breathable and maintain its performance for the life of the end product. Words to Describe Another Word Below is a list of describing words for another word.You can sort the descriptive words by uniqueness or commonness using the button above. Waxed Canvas –  Canvas that has been treated with wax, the purpose of which is to create a water-resistant textile. Machine-made lace is most commonly seen today and many patterns formerly only made by hand, are imitated by machine. Create your own by washing double the needed amount of 100% wool jersey in hot water and drying in a hot dryer. This may be done to reduce shrinkage, soften the hand, wash down the color or to give the fabric a used, laundered look. Metal used in apparel fabric is purely decorative. (read more about eco-leather). Supplex manages moisture and keeps its vibrant color, wash after wash. Dotted Swiss – A lightweight, sheer cotton or cotton blend fabric with a small dot flock-like pattern either printed on the surface of the fabric, or woven into the fabric. Have you ever found a fabric you liked, but didn’t know how to describe it to find it again? The reverse has a satiny look and feel. Tussah – Silk fabric woven from silk made by wild, uncultivated silkworms. In textile manufacturing, finishing refers to the processes that convert the woven or knitted cloth into a usable material and more specifically to any process performed after dyeing the yarn or fabric to improve the look, performance, or "hand" (feel) of the finish textile or clothing. When strength of fabric is essential, drill is suitable for slacks, uniforms, overalls, and work shirts. Supplex – Supplex is a state-of-the-art nylon fabric. Used for toweling, suitings, dresses, coats. Polyester has a certain degree of natural stretch and more can be given to the yarn in the processing or in the finishing of the fabric. The warp beam holds thousands of yards of yarns in a parallel arrangement, and these yarns are fed into the knitting area simultaneously. Flannelette – A medium-weight, plain weave fabric with a soft hand, usually made from cotton. Jersey – The consistent interlooping of yarns in the jersey stitch to produces a fabric with a smooth, flat face, and a more textured, but uniform back. (read more about Precious Surface Fabrics). Batting can be made from cotton, polyester, silk, wool or a blend of these. Note also that if there aren't many term adjectives, or if there are none at all, it could be that your search term has an abiguous part-of-speech. In these instances, the chemical destroys the fiber and creates a hole in the fabric in a specific design, where the chemical comes in contact with the fabric. Many simulated eyelet effects can be created using this method. Interlining is similar to batting, a thick layer of fiber designed to provide insulation, loft, and body to quilts, pillow toppers, and heavy winter jackets. Berber Fleece – Berber fleece is made when the yarn is knitted into fabric, which is brushed with wire brushes to pull the material together and to fluff it up. To the touch, dazzle is soft and somewhat like silk, although it is far more sturdy than silk. One of the largest uses of this fabric is in the production of toys, with small stuffed animals made from plush fabric, such as teddy bears, known as plushies. (read more about seersucker fabric). Bonded – A fabric composed of 2 or more layers joined together with an adhesive, resin, foam, or fusible membrane. It is one of the oldest fabrics known. Types of Fabric to Sew - find out about different materials for sewing, so you know what to look for at the fabric store. Mostly used for prints. The blueness of the results represents their relative frequency. Ticking is a heavy, tightly woven carded cotton fabric usually in a pattern of alternately woven stripes in the warp, Jacquard or dobby designs, or printed patterns. Has the look of hopsack but much softer. Cocona Fabric – Made from recycled coconut shells. Typical uses include towels, robes, and apparel. Terry velour is valued for its soft, luxurious hand. Denim – True denim is a twill weave cotton-like fabric made with different colored yarns in the warp and the weft. Generally appear as small squares. End-uses include billiard table surfaces and men’s’ sportswear. Interfacing – Fabrics used to support, reinforce and give shape to fashion fabrics in sewn products. You have to accept that you will get fabric rolls in different widths. A 2 x 1 rib has two ribs up and one down. Choose, highlight and copy a section 4. The fabric is made from the fibers within the stalks of the plant. Kenaf – Made from the Kenaf plant, Kenaf textiles are eco-friendly, naturally very absorbent, and even fire-retardant. Eco-Leather – Eco-Leather is made up of either flax or cotton fibers that are then mixed with plant oils such as palm, soybean, or corn. Low thread count sheeting is called muslin, while high thread count sheeting with combed yarns is known as percale. It’s the perfect travel fabric with four-way stretch for ultimate comfort. Damask – A glossy jacquard fabric, usually made from linen, cotton, rayon, silk, or blends. More cor­rectly, these should be described by their actual construction, such as vinyl-coated fabric. Since it is a natural fiber, it takes dye very easily. Herringbone – A fabric in which the pattern of weave resembles the skeletal structure of the herring. It is not shorn but pulled out by hand in the spring. Plush is also one of the main materials for the construction of designer toys. Some interlinings are designed to be fused, while others are intended to be sewn to one or both layers of the textile. The fabric, used mainly in evening dresses and scarves, can also be made from rayon and other manufactured fibers. A true madras will bleed when washed. Dryflex – Dryflex is a “high performance” knit fabric blended with Lycra. The floating yarns are made with low twist and may be of either high or low luster. In this weave, two or more warp yarns are twisted around each other as they are interlaced with the filling yarns; thus securing a firm hold on the filling yarn and preventing them from slipping out of position. Fine Shetlands are made into fine shawls, underwear crochet, work and hosiery. Used for draperies and slip covers, monk’s cloth is an example of 4 x 4 basket weave. Batting – Traditionally the middle layer, or stuffing, of a quilt. The yarn is uneven, irregular, and larger than regular filaments. It is common in men’s women’s and children’s apparel especially trousers.
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