A forty-year-old man named Dmitri Gurov is intrigued by a young woman walking along the sea front of Yalta with her small Pomeranian dog. Anton Chekhov tells the story of Gurov – a well-to- "“The Lady with the Pet Dog”: Oates & Chekhov [Analysis]." Anna and Dmitri soon commence an affair, and spend most of their time together, often walking and taking drives to the nearby village of Oreanda. In 1972, the primary story was rewritten by Joyce Carol Oates who elucidated the tale through her own interpretation. How many pages (words) do you need? "“The Lady with the Pet Dog”: Oates & Chekhov [Analysis]." It is one of Chekhov's most famous pieces of short fiction, and Vladimir Nabokov considered it to be one of the greatest short stories ever written.[6]. Our books collection hosts in multiple countries, allowing you to get the most less latency time to download any of our books like this one. Learning the location of the family's residence from a hotel porter, he finds the house, only to realize that it would be futile to intrude. Checkov and Oates" "The Lady with a Pet Dog": Modernism vs. arms herself when she looks in the mirror. Even though they know well, their relationship is ‘illegal’ and unacceptable in society, they choose to carry on with it; surely, love is blind. [17], The story has also been adapted for stage; for example, an adaptation by Peter Campbell was featured at the 2002 Chekhov Now Festival in New York. On the other side, Oates adopts a circular strategy to tell her story. There are many debatable similarities and differences between Checkov"s "Lady with a Pet Dog" set in Russia in the early part of the century and Joyce Carol Oates" "Lady with a Pet Dog" told from Anna"s point of view in the 1970"s in Nantucket. "The Lady with the Dog" (Russian: Дама с собачкой, romanized: Dama s sobachkoy)[a] is a short story by Anton Chekhov. Review of "The Lady with the Pet Dog" by Joyce Oates Joyce Oates’ “The Lady with the Pet Dog” has a strange and suspenseful structure. Oates' story is told from Anna's point of … “The Lady with the Pet Dog” written by Anton Chekhov and “The Lady with the Pet Dog” written by Joyce Carol Oates illustrate what goes through the mind when committing adultery. Titled "The Lady with the Little Dog," it was performed at the Great Hall Courtyard of Plummer Park in West Hollywood, California. When the husband goes out for a smoke during the first interval, Gurov greets Anna, who is bewildered and runs from him. The film was adapted by Aleksandr Adabashyan, Suso Cecchi d'Amico and Nikita Mikhalkov, "inspired by" stories by Anton Chekhov. Oates permutes the setting of this story to fit “modernism of the 1970s” (Paul Para. Comparison of two stories of the same name A story of two lovers in an affair is never a simple thing to understand. [21], On account of the Russian language's lack of. Web. "Surprised by love: Chekhov and 'The Lady with the Dog, "Surprised by love: Chekhov and "The Lady with the Dog". You can use them for inspiration, an insight into a particular topic, a handy source of reference, or even just as a template of a certain type of paper. December 27, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/analysis-and-comparison-of-lady-with-the-pet-dog-by-chekhov-and-oates/. "[8], Robert Fulford offers yet another interpretation of the story:[8], "What Chekhov says in this sophisticated parable is that love radically alters the landscape of existence. Copyright © 2021 - IvyPanda is a trading name of Edustream For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. “The Lady with the Dog,” sometimes translated as “The Lady with the Lapdog” or “The Lady with the Toy Dog,” is one of the more famous stories he wrote while in Yalta. The setting is different; while Chekhov’s version is in the nineteenth century in Moscow, Oates’ version is a modern version, taking place in the twentieth century in Massachusetts. Anton Chekhov original and Joyce Carol Oates’s updated version of “The Lady with the Pet Dog” tells the story of two unhappy individuals trying to find love in a long lasting affair. we will assume that you agree to our Dmitri, a married man of forty with two kids, hears rumors of a new vacationer, who people refer to as “the lady with the dog.” Cookies Policy, This compare and contrast essay on “The Lady with the Pet Dog”: Oates & Chekhov was written and submitted by your fellow student. Both are tales of love lost and love found, including romances with adulterous spouses and secret meetings. Unfortunately, your browser is too old to work on this site. One day, \"the lady with the dog\" sits down next to Dmitri to eat in the public gardens. Both versions of “The Lady with the Pet Dog” by Oates and Chekhov have outstanding differences and similarities. Even though at first he takes this relationship just like any other that he had had, he eventually realizes his mistakes in relationships; “he focuses on sexual aspects without much emotional depth” (Gioia Para. Moreover, Chekhov’s version is linear storytelling, while Oates’ version is circular storytelling. Paul, Robert. Joyce Carol Oates wrote a short story adaptation of the story also entitled "The Lady with the Pet Dog" published in 1972. Chekhov's earlier version of The Lady with the Pet Dog tells a different story to the adaptation written by Joyce Carol Oates. In Anton Chekhov’s short story “The Lady with the Dog”, we are given a third-person narration that is limited to Dmitry Dmitrich Gurov’s perspective; and we are allowed access to Gurov’s thoughts and feelings to a certain extent. "[8], The plot of the story bears a resemblance to Chekhov's own life, as he had fallen in love with Olga Knipper, the actress whom he would later marry, while living in Yalta in the winter of 1899-99. [13] The first English translation appeared in 1903.[14]. "“The Lady with the Pet Dog”: Oates & Chekhov [Analysis]." "2002 Chekhov Now Festival, a CurtainUp review", "Lyric Theatre premieres "Lady with the Pet Dog" - Cornell College", Parallel Russian-English text in ParallelBook format, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Lady_with_the_Dog&oldid=1001768360, Works originally published in Russian magazines, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Articles containing Russian-language text, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 06:44. [11][12] Since then it has been published in numerous collections and languages, and is one of Chekhov's best-known stories. He learns that she is married to an official in the Russian provinces and that her name is Anna Sergeyevna. The two find each other in their times of loneliness and quickly become involved in an affair. Oates uses non-characterization widely; for instance, she refers to Gurov as ‘the stranger’ until late in the story where she reveals his real name. According to “The Lady with the Pet Dog” summary, the fact that Anna is seeing another man makes her guilt on one side while on the other, she cannot get over the thrill of being close to an entertaining man like Gurov. They share a common plot exploring love issues between the same characters viz. Eshbaugh, Ruth. Joyce Carol Oates ' writing is described as: … fiction [that] explores the conflict inherent in the attempt to define oneself in a turbulent society. The story opens during Dmitri Dmitrich Gurov's vacation in Yalta, a seaside resort in Imperial Russia. He is under 40, married, and has a daughter and two sons. The two versions have different points of view, with Chekhov telling his story from a female point of view while Oates tells hers from a male point of view. 6). They soon have to say goodbye when Anna must return home to her sick husband. While vacationing in Yalta, he sees a young woman walking along the seafront with her little Pomeranian, and endeavors to make her acquaintance. Frightened, she begs him to leave and promises to come see him in Moscow. First published in 1899, it describes an adulterous affair between an unhappily married Moscow banker and a young married woman which begins while both are vacationing alone in Yalta. The lady, Anna Sergeyevna, is also unhappily married and vacationing without her spouse. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of The Lady With the Dog by Anton Chekhov. For instance, Gurov meets Anna and falls in love with her. 1938). Need a custom Compare and Contrast Essay sample written from scratch by ...The Lady with the Pet Dog The same story two different points of view “The Lady with the Pet Dog” initially written by Anton Chekhov (1860-1904) and later on written by Joyce Carol Oats (B. Tony Tanner debuted a musical-comedy version of the story in September, 2016, which he wrote and directed. 12). This forms the main similarity between these two stories as the authors strive to achieve the theme of love. From Vladimir Nabokov's Lectures on Russian Literature, quoted by Francine Prose in Learning from Chekhov, 231. Boston: Bedford/St. 1. According to “The Lady with the Pet Dog” summary, the fact that Anna is seeing another man makes her guilt on one side while on the other, she cannot get over the thrill of being close to an entertaining man like Gurov. A 1960 film version was produced by Josef Heifitz and starred Alexei Batalov and Iya Savvina. Your privacy is extremely important to us. The Lady with the Pet Dog The same story two different points of view “The Lady with the Pet Dog” initially written by Anton Chekhov (1860-1904) and later on written by Joyce Carol Oats (B. It was first published in the December 1899 issue of the magazine Russkaya Mysl (Russian Thought) with the subtitle "A Story" ("Rasskaz"). [9] Among other similarities, Knipper and Anna from the story both had German last names, were both much younger than their lovers, and both had to live away from them at first. Oates' story is told from Anna's point of view and is set in New York and Nantucket. Chekhov tells his story from the perspective of a man, Gurov, the protagonist. Martin’s, 2000. “The Lady with the Pet Dog” covers the major phases of Anna’s adulterous affair with a married man. In the 2008 film The Reader, based on Bernhard Schlink's 1995 novel, the illiterate Hanna (Kate Winslet) first learns to read by listening to an audio recording of the story, which is referred to by her in the movie as The Lady with the Little Dog, read by her former lover Michael (Ralph Fiennes). Unhappy in his marriage and the monotony and meaninglessness of his life, he is frequently unfaithful and considers women to be of "a lower race". She makes excuses to occasionally come to Moscow, telling her husband that she is going there to see a doctor, which he "believes and does not believe". [10][8], The story was written in Yalta, where Chekhov had moved on his doctor's advice to take advantage of the warmer climate owing to his advancing tuberculosis. . . Reasoning that Anna and her husband might attend, he goes to the theater. Nevertheless, numerous differences are surrounding these stories. A tale of a love lost and found, a romance of adulterous spouses and secret meetings; both the original “The Lady with the Pet Dog” by Anton Chekhov and Joyce Carol Oates’ retelling of “The Lady with the Pet Dog” present the actions and decisions of two very unhappily … talked of how to avoid the necessity for secrecy, for deception, for living in different towns and not seeing each other for long stretches of time. If you are the copyright owner of this paper and no longer wish to have your work published on IvyPanda. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must. Nabokov wrote about the unconventional ending: "All the traditional rules ... have been broken in this wonderful short story.... no problem, no regular climax, no point at the end. He feels that he must see Anna, despite the obvious complications. Anton Chekhov’s, The Lady with the Pet Dog, is a short story about an adulterous man, Dmitry Gurov, who falls in love with a miserable married woman, Anna Sergeyevna. The play was performed in 2013 at the Platform Theatre in London. "The Lady with the Pet Dog" A story of lost and born again love: both Anton Chekhov's 1899 original as well as Joyce Carol Oates' version of "The Lady with the Pet Dog" deal with the love lives and the unhappiness of two individuals. Joyce Carol Oates The Lady With The Pet Dog is available in our book collection an online access to it is set as public so you can download it instantly. The story of two lovers, seen by a man with a Romanticism style, and 100 years later written by a woman in the post modern time. When reading the story, the reader senses confusion, much like the life of Anna. “Chekhov uses a simple linear approach that allows for no deviation almost as if he were writing a logical or mathematical proof” (Eshbaugh Para. Rodion Schedrin composed a ballet in one act called The Lady with the Lapdog, first performed on 20 November 1985 in Moscow by the Bolshoi Theatre, Alexander Lazarev (cond). Yet, there are differences which can be potently located within the stories, “The Lady with the Pet Dog” by Anton Chekov and “Lady with the Pet Dog” by Joyce Carol Oates. [19] An opera version titled "The Lady with the Pet Dog" was premiered at Cornell College in Mount Vernon, Iowa in 2010.[20]. "The Lady with the Dog": Anton Chekhov's "The Lady with the Dog" was set in Russia and was written towards the end of the nineteenth century. Let's see if we can help you! However, the differences outweigh the similarities. The database is updated daily, so anyone can easily find a relevant essay example. Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? As aforementioned, the plot of the two versions of this story is the same; the storyline of the two versions carries a clandestine love affair between Anna and Gurov with a happy conclusion where the two realize true love. In Joyce Carol Oates’ story entitled “The Lady with the Pet Dog,” the main character Anna fits Sigmund Freud’s definition of neurotic: “the ego and id become involved in an internal battle Freud calls neurosis” (Bressler 130). Structure in Lady With A Pet Dog by Joyce Carol Oates. We utilize security vendors that protect and As “The Lady With the Dog” begins, Dmitri DmitritchGurov has been vacationing in the coastal city of Yalta by the Black Sea. If you continue, Both Oates and Chekhov adopt a third-person narrator. December 27, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/analysis-and-comparison-of-lady-with-the-pet-dog-by-chekhov-and-oates/. This is a linear form of events starting with Gurov meeting Anna, making their first love, spending time together, returning to their homes, reuniting after some period of separation, and establishment of an affair, which culminates in a relationship. Web. The author reveals Anna’s character through the structure of the story, and through the imagery in the story. 27 December. Oates, Carol. In addition to the ego and id, Anna’s superego also comes into play within her struggle. In 1901 he married the actress Olga Knipper but they largely lived apart, him in Yalta for his health and her in Moscow to pursue her career. Love changes the inner landscape, too. Scott, Cynthia. An opera version titled "The Lady with the Pet Dog" was premiered at Cornell College in Mount Vernon, Iowa in 2010. Anna meets Gurov while on her way to Nantucket for vacation. The Lady With the Dog essays are academic essays for citation. “Tale of Two Tales: Chekhov’s and Oates’s” The Lady with a Pet Dog. ensure the integrity of our platform while keeping your private information safe. the most complicated and difficult part of their journey was just beginning. In the evening, he remembers having seen a sign earlier in the day announcing the opening performance of The Geisha. The Lady With the Dog study guide contains a biography of Anton Chekhov, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. IvyPanda. As they part, both feel that they would never see each other again, and that their affair is over. In January her … For instance, Anna meets ‘the stranger’ in a concert, something that makes her faint, forcing her husband to rush her home before the show ends. - Free Online Library". “The Lady with the Pet Dog”: Oates & Chekhov [Analysis], he focuses on sexual aspects without much emotional depth, A Comparative and Contrast analysis of Everyman and The Wanderer, The role of Religion and God in Yann Martel's Life of Pi as influenced by Poe's The Narrative of Arthur Grogon Pym of Nantucket, The theme of love in "The Lady with the pet Dog" by Anton Chekhov, Describe the ways in which Chekov conveys the transformation in Lady with Dog. The setting of the two versions of this story is different. Chekhov’s text is set in the early nineteenth century in Russia, while Oates’ version is set in the twentieth century in Nantucket. They are both now fully aware that for the first time in their lives they have actually fallen in love, and they both wonder how they might overcome the many challenges that face them and achieve their fervent wish to permanently live together. The story, “Lady with the Pet Dog” by Anton Chekov was published in the year 1899. CHEKHOV, Anton The lady with the dog and other stories. The fact that the stories are told from the third person, there is no involvement of other characters, and this enables the reader to relate these two stories. and it was clear to both of them that . "[7], Maxim Gorky, another Russian writer from a working-class background, saw the importance of the story as a wake-up call to people "to let go of sleepy, half-dead existence. We will write a custom Essay on “The Lady with the Pet Dog”: Oates & Chekhov [Analysis] specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page. [18] A play titled Sunstroke, directed by Oleg Mirochnikov, combines The Lady with the Dog with Ivan Bunin's Sunstroke. “A linear plot, such as in Chekhov’s story version, would have dampened these conflicting feelings, hindered full expression of her thoughts and thus numbed the reader’s observations of the conflict within Anna” (Scott Para. Brian Friel's play The Yalta Game (2001) is loosely based on this short story by Chekhov. Boston: Bedford/St. Essays for The Lady With the Dog. Chekhov, Anton. Oates’ story keeps on going back to the beginning where Anna is taken aback by ‘the stranger’s’ visit, and she uses this incidence repetitively throughout the story. professional specifically for you? Adultery, even in a marriage without love, can have a dramatic effect on the people involved. Thesis Statement / Essay Topic #1: A Psychoanalysis / Character Analysis of Gurov in “The Lady With the Dog” by Chekhov. This is IvyPanda's free database of academic paper samples. . Versions of “The Lady with the Pet Dog” by Joyce Carol Oates and Anton Chekhov have both conspicuous differences and similarities though debatable. On the other side, Oates adopts the same plot as Chekhov’s but tells the story from a feminist point of view, the protagonist being Anna. IvyPanda. Chekhov's The Lady with the Pet Dog. Point of View in Chekhov s and Oates s The Lady with the Pet Dog Anton Chekhov and Joyce Oates both approached this short story from the third-person narrator. However, just like in Chekhov’s version, Anna of Oates’ version falls in love with this ‘stranger.’. The couple enters and he watches intently. In her short story “The Lady with the Pet Dog”, author Joyce Carol Oates describes the experience of a wife, who finds love away from her loveless relationship and consequently whose life has been torn apart by patriarchal social and psychological influences (Oates)(Brizee et al. 2006. IvyPanda. Plot Summary of 'The Lady with the Pet Dog' Gurov introduces himself to the woman with the pet dog one evening, while both of them are dining in a public garden. Joyce Carol Oates wrote a short story adaptation of the story also entitled "The Lady with the Pet Dog" published in 1972. Chekhov and Oates "The Lady with the Pet Dog" Comparison 761 Words 4 Pages Though the similarities and differences of characterization in Chekhov and Oates's different versions of "The Lady with the Pet Dog" are evident, the purpose only becomes clear for the reader when the two versions are read and compared. Meyer, Michael. 1998. December 27, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/analysis-and-comparison-of-lady-with-the-pet-dog-by-chekhov-and-oates/. Mastroianni received Best Actor at the Cannes Film Festival[16] and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor. (2019) '“The Lady with the Pet Dog”: Oates & Chekhov [Analysis]'. 2006. It won a Special Prize for "lofty humanism and artistic excellence" at the 1960 Cannes Film Festival. Introduced by the title drop, ¨The Lady with the Pet Dog¨ is a short story written by Anton Chekhov in 1899 that expounds a situation where a man and woman are caught up in a love affair. Dmitri Gurov works in a Moscow bank. Unexpectedly, he fell deeply in love for the first time in his life, after many affairs and just as he was approaching middle age. Martin’s, 2000. Under the pressure of love, Gurov looks inside himself and sees someone he has not known before, someone capable of feelings that he barely knew existed.". by Joyce Oates, “Misery” by Anton Chekhov. Meyer, Michael. Anna, a married woman, meets her lover for the first time at a … . Comparative analysis of Chekhov's "Ionych" and "Anna on the Neck". "The Lady with the Pet Dog": Joyce Carol Oates' "The Lady with the Pet Dog" is not written with a sequential order of events. The story of two lovers, seen by a man with a Romanticism style, and 100 years later written by a woman in the post modern time. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/analysis-and-comparison-of-lady-with-the-pet-dog-by-chekhov-and-oates/. “Literary Analysis of The Lady with the Dog by Anton Chekhov”. IvyPanda, 27 Dec. 2019, ivypanda.com/essays/analysis-and-comparison-of-lady-with-the-pet-dog-by-chekhov-and-oates/. The short story is also a central theme of the 2014 movie Gurov and Anna by director Rafaël Ouellet. . Anna and Gurov. IvyPanda. When touched by love, we know the world in a different way. 1938). This circular form of storytelling enables Oates to explore Anna’s conflicting feelings towards her situation of being in love with Gurov and being loyal to his husband. “The Modern Woman in Joyce Carol Oates” The Lady with the Pet Dog. Analysis of Summary and Themes, "Where are You Going, Where Have You Been" by Joyce Carol Oates, A Teenage Girl’s Struggle for Independence in Joyce Oates’ Short Story, Male dominance as depicted two collections of short stories “Woman hollering creek” and “Drown.”, The Protagonists and Antagonists in Poe and Oates’ Short Stories, Gregor's Relationship with His Father in "Matamorphosis", "Frankenstein" vs. "Great Expectations": Compare and Contrast, Morality and Moral responsibility as presented in plays by Brecht and Kushner. Nearly forty years old, Gurov is married with three children: a daughter and two sons. It was directed by Mikhalkov. The Lady with the Pet Dog by Joyce Carrol. . The two versions are set in different times. And it is one of the greatest stories ever written. Structure in The Lady With the Pet Dog by Joyce Carol Oates Often, the circumstances of a marriage can leave the people involved feeling empty and unloved. “Anton Chekhov’s ‘The Lady with the Pet Dog” Eclectic Literary Review. However, as aforementioned, Oates keeps on taking the reader back to initial events making her story circular. Dive deep into Joyce Carol Oates' The Lady with the Pet Dog with extended analysis, commentary, and discussion We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for … 2007. IvyPanda. ). Lady With the Pet Dog by Joyce Carol Oates Often, the circumstances of a marriage can leave the people involved feeling empty and unloved. These two love birds then part ways going different directions only for Gurov to realize that he has found, “really, truly – for the first time in his life” (Chekhov 12). Web. She becomes the woman of the title, the lady with the pet dog, rather than merely Anna. Anna: Anna is the protagonist, around whom the third-person omniscient narrator centers the story. Although the protagonist disparages women and calls them \"the lower race,\" he secretly acknowledges that he is more at ease in their company than in men's. At this point, Oates talks of events of Anna’s first meeting with Gurov, and parting in Nantucket and immediately goes back to the incidences at the concert. [15], An adaptation of The Lady with the Dog, Dark Eyes (Italian: Oci ciornie; Russian: Очи чёрные; French: Les Yeux noirs) is a 1987 Italian and Russian language film which tells the story of a 19th-century married Italian man who falls in love with a married Russian woman. “The Lady with the Pet Dog” The Compact Bedford Introduction to Literature. 2019. . It contains thousands of paper examples on a wide variety of topics, all donated by helpful students. It stars Marcello Mastroianni, Silvana Mangano, Oleg Tabakov, Yelena Safonova, Pina Cei and Vsevolod Larionov. “She returned to her husband and saw that another woman, a shadow woman had taken her place” (181). We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Technologies LLC, a company registered in Wyoming, USA. These feelings of hopelessness can lead people to make uncharacteristic choices. Gurov sees her off at the station. They desperately try to come up with a plan, but the story ends without offering a resolution: "They . (2019, December 27). Consequently, their common grounds lead them into an affair that starts as a simple association but turns out to be a long-lasting relationship. 6), something conspicuously lacking in Chekhov’s version. These feelings of hopelessness can lead people to make uncharacteristic choices. The man pets her dog in order to strike u… “The Lady with the Pet Dog” The Compact Bedford Introduction to Literature. The Lady with the Pet Dog by Joyce Carrol. “The Lady with the Pet Dog”: Oates & Chekhov [Analysis]. On the ruse of going to St. Petersburg to take care of some business, he sets off to her town to find her. ", The story can be seen as "Gurov's spiritual journey—his transformation from a connoisseur of women to a man tenderly devoted to a single ordinary woman. Moreover, a life void of happiness is not worth living, and by being together, it is the only way they can be happy. Web. After this, Anna and the man begin their affair. Gioia, Dana. In Chekhov’s version, while in Yalta for vacation, Gurov meets Anna, and they both realize they have something in common; they are unhappy with their marriages. He is regularly unfaithful to his wife, however, and when a young woman with a dog appears in Yalta alone, he becomes determined to get to know her. The short story “The Lady with the Pet Dog” by Oates, shows how the act of cheating creates confusion in the mind of the main character thorough use of an unchronological structure, and unusual character development.First, the structure of the story reflects Anna’s state of mind. Despite intriguing similarities and differences, few things stand out; the plot of the two versions is the same, with common moral lesson, symbolism, and irony, but with a different points of view, characterization, and setting. Returning to Moscow, to his loveless marriage, and to his daily routine, working by day and clubbing by night, Gurov expects to soon forget young Anna; to his surprise, her memory haunts him. Though she is expecting her husband to come to Yalta, he eventually sends for her to come home, saying that something is wrong with his eyes. Dmitri dislikes his shrewish and intelligent wife and, as a result, has numerous love affairs. "“The Lady with the Pet Dog”: Oates & Chekhov [Analysis]." Chekhov tells his story in a linear manner introducing an idea after the other. Nevertheless, she has to make her mind and admit her fate “…to be here and not there, to be one person and not another, a certain man’s wife and not the wife of another man” (Oates 13). 6). In despair, he rationalizes that Anna has probably forgotten him and found someone else, and heads back to his hotel. After following her through the theater, he confronts her and she confides that she has been thinking of him constantly. "[7] The story can also be seen as "playing with the paradox that a lie—a husband deceiving a wife or a wife deceiving a husband—can be the fulcrum of truth of feeling, a vehicle of authenticity.