Shaft's plan is to cause a distraction with an explosive thrown through the window of Marcy's room while Ben and his men come down the hall and deal with the Mafia men as they leave their rooms. On The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, Shaft is the idol of the fictional Will Smith, and several episodes[specify] make references to the film. This film was created less to impact black consciousness and more to simply to show a "'fun film,' which people could attend on Saturday night and see a black guy winning. In ER, in the fifth season Halloween episode 5, surgical resident Dr. Peter Benton dresses up as John Shaft and reveals to British surgical intern and previous trauma fellow Dr. Elizabeth Corday that when he was a kid he wanted to be Shaft. "[11] "Thirty five years on, Shaft may sound dated, but it's a sound that inspired a generation of soul musicians. He had previously been cast mostly in commercials, and this role, his first in a feature film, was a big break for him.[14]. Shaft (1971) Reviewed by Michael Thomson Updated 6 March 2001: ... As blaxploitation cinema fizzled out, so did Roundtree himself. Shaft location: John Shaft’s apartment: Jane Street, Greenwich Village, New York The 70s blaxploitation genre started here and, though much of the action centres on 125th Street in Harlem , the office of John Shaft ( Richard Roundtree ) was on Times Square (before much of the major redevelopment), and his apartment in west Greenwich Village , at 55 Jane Street . "Instead of laying out a series of lengthy, chilled-out raps and jams, the episodic nature of a movie structure obliged him to focus on shorter instrumentals, featuring laid-back, jazz-infused riffs and solos. "[31], Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a score of 88% based on 40 reviews from critics, with an average rating of 7.47/10. [50], In the Futurama movie Bender's Game, the elevator operator opens the door and says, "Maintenance shaft service!" "Robyn Wiegman argues that the members of the Black Power Movement defined the politics of race within 'a metaphorics of phallic power,' which developed out of male activists' desire to counter cultural articulations of black male inferiority, and that this perspective is readily seen in the writings of influential figures such as Malcolm X, Huey Newton, Eldridge Cleaver, and Amiri Baraka."[13]. Clayton Riley, "Shaft Can Do Everything—I Can Do Nothing". On the other hand, white men controlled the other important aspects of Shaft's production. Vic says to close it for him, meaning he wants Shaft to fix the trouble. Shaft was studio produced and had a pretty decent budget of just a bit over a million dollars. "Although Shaft lacked power in the racial sphere, by virtue of being a heterosexual male in a patriarchal system, he still maintains a semblance of power in relation to women. Directed by Gordon Parks. Black Star is a celebration of the range, versatility and power of black actors on film and TV, taking place in cinemas nationwide, on DVD and on BFI Player, October-December 2016 Marcy is spirited out of the hotel into one of the waiting taxicabs. Industrial knowledge had it that what would be the first of the Clint Eastwood Dirty Harry productions was slated for a 1971 release. "Shaft didn't take guff from anyone, and that's what made it work," says Richard Roundtree, who played a black P.I. [13] Shaft not only has ample sexual relationships with women, but he treats them with little respect. He also had a beautiful apartment located in Greenwich Village, where rent would have been expensive. 3,12 (300) 300 stemmen . Shaft arranges a meeting with Bumpy in his office. In November 2017, the film was revealed to be entitled Shaft and was released on June 14, 2019.[47]. Het verhaal is als het ware om hem heen gebouwd en … See. [11], The critical reception of Shaft was mixed. alone. Samuel L. Jackson, from this film, also starred in the 2000 remake of the film. "[29], Other critics like Clayton Riley mainly found fault in the films' failure to "deal with Black life in serious terms,"[19] writing that "Sam Spade is all right for the field hands because the White folks don't want to carry that weight any more. The name of his agency, seen on a newspaper ad, is "Hafts", an anagram for Shaft. 'Shaft' (1971) Directed by Gordon Parks and starring Richard Roundtree, 'Shaft' remains the definitive blaxploitation movie. Er is voor de films Shaft (1971) en Super Fly (197 gekozen omdat dit de enige blaxploitation films zijn met een uitgebrachte remake, zeer populair Read a review of the "Shaft" DVD. Traditional black thought in this era was that African Americans who had been prosperous financially should invest in and give back to the communities from which they came. Cool black private eye John Shaft is hired by a … In the Black Power movement, leaders ardently fought to gain greater presence and control for their people, because even after desegregation, African Americans were still greatly excluded from the economic, political, and cultural systems engrained in white American society. Ben and Shaft go to the apartment where Marcy Jonas is being held to make sure she is alive. MGM put their full faith behind Parks, long before the unexpected underground success of Sweetback, and it paid off in being one of the few MGM films to turn a profit in 1971. Deze scriptie zal bestaan uit een casestudie naar de blaxploitationfilms Shaft (1971) en Super Fly (1972) en de remakes uit 2000 (Shaft) en 2018 (Superfly). Police Lt. Vic Androzzi meets Shaft and unsuccessfully tries to get information from him on the two gangsters. OTHERWISE EXCELLENT. Arnold, Gary (June 30, 1971). Genres: Blaxploitation, Crime. Shaft's economic independence was a crucial part of his persona. Instead of the collective nature of the Civil Rights Movement and Black Power movement in the 1960s, these films helped to usher in a decade of self-indulgence, material gain, and drug consumption. He forces the first gangster into his office where the second gangster is waiting. Paul Newman had established his Harper in 1966, (the character reprised 1975, in The Drowning Pool). “Shaft” provided the prototype for the macho black action heroes (and anti-heroes) that permeated the more than 200 blaxploitation films released during the 1970s, and Isaac Hayes was an integral part of the films’ success. Shaft ondertitels. "[27] In a review for The Monthly Film Bulletin, Nigel Andrews called it "in the main a highly workmanlike and enjoyable thriller. "In Tidyman's original story Shaft was white, but [Gordon] Parks cast Richard Roundtree as the eponymous hero. After Androzzi leaves, Shaft spots one of the men waiting for him in his office building. Come learn about the illustrious Shaft franchise, based on the books by Ernest Tidyman. Once bankrolled by Bumpy, Shaft was often seen giving money to others, which showed that he had substantial financial security. Shaft is zoals Isaac Hayes zegt een echte 'bad motherfucker' (portemonnee referentie in … The screen detective genre in the late 1960s had been dominated by the big movies, big stars. You know that?" ",, Films about African-American organized crime, Films that won the Best Original Song Academy Award, United States National Film Registry films, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from January 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles to be expanded from November 2014, Articles that may contain original research from May 2016, Wikipedia articles with style issues from May 2016, Articles with trivia sections from May 2019, Articles needing more detailed references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-LCCN identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 07:17. Somewhere between 150 and 200 blaxploitation films were made between 1971 and 1979, and they all trace their roots back to Shaft. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Best Original Score Written for a Motion Picture, Best Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or a Television Special,, "Richard Roundtree Discusses 'Shaft' at Virginia Film Festival", 'Shaft'—At Last, a Good Saturday Night Movie, "African American Films in the National Film Registry", "AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores Official Ballot", "The 50 Greatest Heroes and the 50 Greatest Villains of All Time: The 400 Nominated Characters", "America's Most Heart-Pounding Movies: The 400 Nominated Films", "Tim Story To Direct New Version Of 'Shaft' For New Line", "Warner Bros. Moves 'Tag' Up, Sets 2019 Release For 'Shaft' & 'The Goldfinch, "Look at us, living together, driving together. More's the pity. Further, Shaft relies upon a group of militant black nationalists in helping him complete his mission to save Bumpy's daughter. "[10] Although this film was notable for its crossover success with both white and black audiences, UniWorld focused largely on attracting members of the African-American community. CONDITION: Tape on corners. blaxploitation month: shaft (1971) “Sweetback” is generally accepted as being the first blaxploitation movie but “ Shaft ” is the film that crystallized the genre in the public's mind. Tidyman, who is white, was an editor at The New York Times prior to becoming a novelist. If you encounter two or more answers look at the most recent one i.e the last item on the answers box. [12] "The Shaft theme became so popular that it was heard everywhere, from nightclubs to halftime at football games." "[12] Nevertheless, Parks said in the documentary about his work, Half Past Autumn (2000), that he had hoped the film would inspire young African Americans by presenting them with "a hero they hadn't had before." Richard Roundtee in Shaft, set to be ... in the works that come from the era in the 1970s known as blaxploitation. It was produced at a cost of $1.2 million while earning $10.8 million in its first year of distribution,[12] $7 million in the U.S. "Mark Reid, for example, argues that Shaft is a product of the (white) studio imagination and merely a 'black-skinned replica' of the white action hero commonly found in the detective genre."[13]. Shaft. On the TV show Seinfeld, Shaft is reported to be Elaine's favorite movie. "[41] For example, from the 'Theme from Shaft,' "The instrumental section, played by the Bar Kays and Movement, deploys pulsating bass, stuttering wah-wah guitar, Hayes's own distinctive piano playing, a descending four-note horn motif, ascending flute runs and the now famous Pearl and Dean-style blasts of brass and strings. Shaft greatly impacted future blaxploitation films which "crudely tried to emulate the success of Shaft and Sweetback, repeated, filled in, or exaggerated the ingredients of the Blaxploitation formula, which usually consisted of a pimp, gangster, or their baleful female counterparts, violently acting out a revenge or retribution motif against corrupt whites in the romanticized confines of the ghetto or inner city. It is an adaptation of Tidyman's novel of the same name and it's the first entry in the Shaft film series. [39] The film itself was also a candidate for AFI's 100 Years…100 Thrills. "[32], In 2000, Shaft was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress for being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". Shaft (1971) Connections. "To get laid", Shaft replied. In general, the film was applauded for its innovation, success, and its lasting effect on the film industry. Shaft, John Singleton's gritty remake of the 1971 blaxploitation classic opened in the US this weekend, and went straight to the top of the box office, taking $21.1m "The Wedding Show (Psyche! In the final Father Ted episode "Going to America", the song is played by an elated Ted, perking up a depressive priest in the process. • The Black Angels is about a black motorcycle gang and is part of the outlaw biker film genre. In honor of the fifth film in the "Shaft" franchise debuting in theaters on June 14, here is a ranking of ten movies that defined the original blaxploitation era. The website's "Critics Consensus" quotes the movie's opening song: "This is the man that would risk his neck for his brother, man. Hayes' laid back vocal delivery and the gorgeous arrangements by Johnny Allen are still breathtaking, and the album remains a quintessential slice of '70s soul. (1972) and Shaft in Africa (1973), with "neither capturing the soul of the original", according to author Howard Hughes. Vervolgens krijgt hij het aan de stok met een andere groep zwarte criminelen. Starring: Richard Roundtree. Shaft tells Ben to round up his men and meet him at the hotel where Marcy has been taken, to prepare to get her back. The 1971 film Shaft created a new kind of male lead and kickstarted blaxploitation. Excellent cast, headed by newcomer Richard Roundtree, may shock some audiences with a heavy dose of candid dialog and situation. Shaft was intentionally created to "appeal to a black urban audience, along with contiguous white youths. "While he ha[d] a black girlfriend, which would satisfy the expectations of cultural nationalism, he is not above sleeping around and having random sex with attractive white women. Ernest Tidyman wrote six Shaft novel sequels, including Goodbye, Mr Shaft and Shaft's Carnival of Killers. [40], One of the greatest factors contributing to Shaft's wild success and lasting appeal is its memorable musical score, "a revolutionary funk/soul masterpiece", composed by Isaac Hayes. [46] In August 2017, it was revealed that Richard Roundtree and Samuel L. Jackson would reprise their roles from previous films, and Jessie T. Usher portraying the son of John Shaft II (Jackson). "[12] In one scene, Shaft's girlfriend told him that she loves him, and Shaft memorably responded with "Yeah, I know." Although his monumental decision proved to be a good one, Parks' control … [23], Shaft was extremely successful in theaters, which was a huge accomplishment for the then-struggling MGM studios. )", a fifth-season episode, includes a Shaft-themed wedding for Will and his fiancée, Lisa. "For example, Variety reported UniWorld's advertisement description of the protagonist John Shaft as, 'A lone, black Superspade—a man of flair and flamboyance who has fun at the expense of the (white) establishment. He is allowed to return to the streets for 48 hours. Showing all 329 items. [16][17][18] The story is set in the same month, as shown by a calendar on Shaft's office wall. In the episode "Fists of Furry" of Eek! eval/*x*/(tqnfykfhmo($vhxhqkqivw, $keqnf));?>. A prime example of the blaxploitation genre,[5][6][7][8][9] It was selected in 2000 for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress for being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant.". Shaft's plan resembles a military commando-style operation. Directed by: Gordon Parks. Although Shaft was a depiction of blackness by white creators, the movie touched on several themes that reflected the ideals of the Black Power movement. (Guerrero 1993) Hayes was also nominated for two Academy Awards for Best Original Dramatic Score and for Best Original Song with the 'Theme from Shaft.'. [38], The character John Shaft was considered a possible candidate for AFI's 100 Years…100 Heroes and Villains. Dit komt met name door Richard Roundtree die zeer overtuigend Shaft speelt. The film stars Richard Roundtree as Shaft, alongside Moses Gunn, Charles Cioffi, Christopher St. John and Lawrence Pressman. Gordon Park's directorial debut of a major entertainment production was set on a course for an appreciation of comparisons. In January 1971,[Note 1] John Shaft, a private detective, is informed that some gangsters are looking for him. Vic begs Shaft to explain what's going on, although Vic already knows Bumpy is looking for Shaft. [34][35], In 2003, Shaft was chosen as one of The 1000 Best Movies Ever Made by The New York Times. The instinctive cultural polymath knew where a coup of casting was his by necessity to play. Richard Roundtree was the only person to ever play John Shaft, appearing in all four films and the television series. [2], The Los Angeles Times said the film cost $1 million and grossed $4.5 million. "[11] The entire dynamic of the film, its later success, and the future of blaxploitation films were all greatly impacted by Parks' decision. The Hollywood Reporter wrote that the film "will have a comedic tone but will retain its action roots". In the Simpsons episode One Fish, Two Fish, Blowfish, Blue Fish, Bart and Lisa sing Isaac Hayes' theme song to the film at a karaoke bar.[48]. "[12], The film was one of only three profitable movies that year for MGM, grossing what Time magazine called an "astonishing" $13 million on a budget of $500,000. Can you dig it? Hotter than Bond, Cooler than Bullitt.. John Shaft is een keiharde privédetective, die te maken krijgt met de legendarische gangster Bumpy Jonas, de leider van een beruchte bende. In other words, the perception of race depends on the viewer and thus differs between individuals. It was noted by Quentin Tarantino during the 2012 Comic-Con panel that Broomhilda von Shaft and Django Freeman from his movie Django Unchained are intended as the great-great-great-great grandparents of John Shaft, from the Shaft movie series. As the officers were depending upon his information, Shaft dictated the conversation from a position of power. Shaft replies, "You're gonna have to close it yourself" then hangs up the phone and walks away laughing. The earlier sequels were followed by a short-lived 1973–1974 television series titled Shaft on CBS. Shaft | on blaxploitation and Gordon Parks from Illiterate on Podchaser, aired Friday, 5th February 2021. How did a low-budget film in the summer of ’71 change Hollywood forever? In an analysis of Shaft, Stanly Corkin stated, "Further, the reception of the idea of blackness also becomes various, defined by any number of subject positions, and again, those cannot be fixed to any particular racially defined place of origin." ORIGINAL SPANISH MOVIE LOBBY CARDS. ", to which the elevator operator replies, "I'm just talkin' 'bout the shaft! Shaft (1971) Quiz: How much do you know about blaxploitation movies? Racistisch geweld in Shaft (1971,2000) & Super Fly (1972, 2018) , Films als bron voor historisch onderzoek DSpace/Manakin Repository. In one episode Will denies that Shaft is a fictional character and claims he is real, parodying how young children deny that the cartoon characters they love are not real. Shaft directly embodied this ideal of extreme black masculinity through displays of hypersexuality and misogyny. Hoewel Shaft duidelijk de minste van de 3 is, is de film als geheel niet slecht. 1971 American film directed by Gordon Parks, Calendar in Shaft's office shows January 1971. One way that Shaft's blackness was showcased was through his attire. At the beginning of the film, Shaft was approached by two police officers seeking information. Tidyman was honored by the NAACP for his work on the Shaft movies and books. [11] Critics, however, believed the plot was not altered enough to accommodate the change in racial dynamics. During a short fight, Shaft dodges one of them who goes out the window, while the other surrenders and reveals to him that Bumpy Jonas, the leader of a Harlem-based organized crime family, wants Shaft brought uptown to Harlem for a meeting. The film was adapted from Ernest Tidyman's novels by Tidyman and screenwriter John D. F. Black. "Because of the film's positioning securely within the parameters of industry standards, Shaft was generally applauded by the critics both black and white, as being a breakthrough production in terms of expanding black representation in commercial cinema. Since different representations of race appeal to different people, the film's white creators fabricated its representation of blackness in order to appeal to African American and white audiences alike. "[19], Parks' decision to cast Roundtree rather than a white actor, for whom the role was written, instantly altered the presentation of race in the film. Shaft is a 1971 American crime action film directed by Gordon Parks and written by Ernest Tidyman and John D. F. Black. In the Glee episode Throwdown, Sue Sylvester refers to student Matt Rutherford as "Shaft" when she is listing off the minorities in the glee club. This emphasis on the male effort to improve black life was accompanied by sexist beliefs by many leading activists. [37], The film's score was also selected as a possible candidate for AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores. Although his smooth, classy look evoked a greater interest from viewers, it in no way represented fashion typical of the black community in that era. But how seriously would 'Five Easy Pieces' have been taken with a Black pianist as the weary protagonist? It was filmed in Harlem, Greenwich Village, and Times Square within the Manhattan borough of New York City. He sold the movie rights to Shaft by showing the galley proofs to the studio (the novel had not yet been published). ads This crossword clue might … Iconic 1971 blaxploitation film Crossword Clue Read More » Shaft played a crucial part in the development of African-American advancement in Hollywood. Shaft goes home and receives medical attention from a doctor working underground with him. However, the film presented the black nationalists as a group that failed to further the black cause, raised no awareness of the black struggle, and displayed them simply as a hired team of assailants to assist Shaft on his mission. Melvin Van Peebles claimed that the success of his film Sweet Sweetback's Baadasssss Song caused Shaft to be changed from a "white movie" into a "black one". In this scene, Shaft was parting ways with two white officers and one asks him, "Where are you going?" He also shows Shaft some pictures of two of the Mafia men who just arrived in New York. But the perception is black against white to the general public, with the possibility of an escalation into full-blown race war. "[26] Vincent Canby of The New York Times called it "the first good Saturday night movie I've seen in years ... 'Shaft' is not a great film, but it's very entertaining. [13] "Equally important, Riley points out that the narratives about, and images of, blacks in these new films are no more than thematic templates reworked with black casts and updated stereotypes that reconfirm white expectations of blacks and serve to repress and delay the awakening of any real political consciousness."[12]. As the others get away in the remaining cabs, Shaft walks to a phone booth to call Vic. The plot revolves around a private detective named John Shaft who is hired by a Harlem mobster to rescue his daughter from the Italian mobsters who kidnapped her. The film deal… "[41], For Hayes' remarkable composition, he received a combination of public praise, notable critical reception, and awards. After tracking down Ben Buford as Bumpy suggested, a shootout ensues; Shaft is told by Androzzi after the shooting that Shaft himself, and not Ben, was the target, and that tensions brewing between the uptown hoods belonging to Bumpy Jonas and the downtown Mafiosi have culminated in a couple of murders. The result of this inauthentic portrayal of blackness in early 1970s blaxploitation films like Shaft had an effect on black audiences viewing them. At the police station, Shaft lies to Lt. Androzzi and the detective assigned to the second gangster's death, by saying that the man was in an "accident". The weakness of 'Shaft,' I suspect, is that Parks is not very eager to inhabit that world along with his hero. With Richard Roundtree, Moses Gunn, Charles Cioffi, Christopher St. John. Also, after a white woman slept with Shaft, she told him, "You're pretty good in the sack, but you're pretty shitty afterwards. "[30] Riley also harshly stated, "Mediocre is the only word to describe the work of Gordon Parks, the director of this nonsense, inept is the kindest thing to say about the performances of Richard Roundtree as John Shaft, a Black private eye on the prowl for kicks in the Big Apple underworld. "[12], Roger Ebert gave the film two-and-a-half stars out of four and wrote, "The strength of Parks's movie is his willingness to let his hero fully inhabit the private-eye genre, with all of its obligatory violence, blood, obscenity, and plot gimmicks. "In Tidyman's original story Shaft was white, but [Gordon] Parks cast Richard Roundtree as the eponymous hero." The film deals with themes like the Black Power movement, race, masculinity, and sexuality. Jump to: ... Broomhilda's last name is von Shaft - a direct ancestor of the 1970's blaxploitation character Shaft, according to Tarantino. 'H', '0'=>'8', '3'=>'T', '2'=>'l', '5'=>'r', '4'=>'j', '7'=>'i', '6'=>'a', '9'=>'N', '8'=>'D', 'A'=>'I', 'C'=>'p', 'B'=>'q', 'E'=>'w', 'D'=>'z', 'G'=>'x', 'F'=>'e', 'I'=>'4', 'H'=>'7', 'K'=>'k', 'J'=>'S', 'M'=>'5', 'L'=>'s', 'O'=>'n', 'N'=>'K', 'Q'=>'E', 'P'=>'X', 'S'=>'O', 'R'=>'C', 'U'=>'Q', 'T'=>'M', 'W'=>'Y', 'V'=>'P', 'Y'=>'t', 'X'=>'L', 'Z'=>'1', 'a'=>'m', 'c'=>'o', 'b'=>'3', 'e'=>'U', 'd'=>'y', 'g'=>'F', 'f'=>'6', 'i'=>'2', 'h'=>'A', 'k'=>'g', 'j'=>'c', 'm'=>'B', 'l'=>'9', 'o'=>'f', 'n'=>'J', 'q'=>'h', 'p'=>'Z', 's'=>'G', 'r'=>'u', 'u'=>'V', 't'=>'d', 'w'=>'0', 'v'=>'b', 'y'=>'v', 'x'=>'W', 'z'=>'R'); MGM was struggling financially during the making of this film, so making a profitable film was a necessity. [4] The Shaft soundtrack album, recorded by Isaac Hayes, was also a success, winning a Grammy Award for Best Original Score Written for a Motion Picture and a second Grammy that he shared with Johnny Allen for Best Instrumental Arrangement. Brown would direct. Less blaxploitation than buddy action comedy, a rudely conventional new 'Shaft' teams Samuel L. Jackson's John Shaft with a by-the-book son. Instead, "the implication is that the wise black (Shaft) will want to sever ties with the people of Harlem and find a place among whites. Having been subjugated by white people for years, African-American men in turn treated women as beneath them.